Valley of Viñales national park in Cuba

Valley of Viñales national park in Cuba

The Valley of Viñales is located in the province of Pinar del Río, westernmost area of ​​Cuba, in the Sierra de los Órganos, exactly in the mountainous group of the Guaniguanico Mountain Range. This Valley and a large part of the mountain range that surrounds it was approved in 1999 as a National Park and, in December of that same year, it was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site, in the category of Cultural Landscape. It also has the status of a National Monument, which it received by Resolution on March 27, 1979.

The Valley of Viñales is one of the best known and most attractive areas of Cuba, it presents an exceptional scenario, which, among others, is characterized by the fusion of its spectacular natural beauty, conservation of the environment, the harmonious action of man in the cultivation of minor fruits, fodder and essentially the cultivation of tobacco, whose traditional methods of cultivation and production achieve universal recognition of the habano as one of the best quality in the world.

There are also constructions in the Valley with indigenous patrons such as the so-called tobacco house, the well-known stick on land and the typical Cuban hut that, when integrated with its natural values, mogotes, differences in relief, contrast between the red of the soils and the green of the crops form an exceptional aesthetic and socio-cultural value, this whole set bases the criterion of Cultural Landscape in evolution where its social activity linked to the way of life is evidenced with an evolutionary process and at the same time, it shows significant material evidences of this evolution over time There are tourist facilities, roads for the tour of the place, viewpoints and a national speleological center.

It is located in the municipality of Viñales, one of the 14 with which the province has, located in the center and north of this territory. To the east, it borders the municipalities of La Palma and Consolación del Sur, to the southeast. To the west with the municipality Minas de Matahambre and to the south with the municipality of Pinar del Río. To the north it coincides with the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Straits of Florida. Its territory covers an area of ​​741 square kilometers

The Viñales National Park Visitors Center offers you the best way to get to know the Valley and its inhabitants

Michael Bach
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